looking backBY BERT ENTWISTLE
Texas-born and raised George McJunkin, exslave,
cowboy, and amateur archaeologist who
discovered Dead Horse Arroyo. George was
honored in 2019 by being inducted into the Hall
of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy &
Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City.
PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN - PUBLIC DOMAIN IMAGE
When the Civil War started, the state
soon became one of the largest suppliers
of cotton for the Confederate cause.
Midland grew large enough during
the war to become a local center of
the business, providing its share of the
cotton for the war effort. While still a
slave, McJunkin learned Spanish and
to read and write from the cowboys he
Continued on page 97
efore the Civil War, Midway, Texas was hardly more than a
crossroads in the middle of thousands of acres of cotton
fi elds. The work of growing, picking, and shipping had been
done by a large slave population since the 1836 Texas Revolution.
Born to one of the cotton-working families in 1851
(or 1856 depending on the source), George McJunkin worked the east
Texas fi elds alongside his family six days a week from the time he was
a small child.
98 I WORKING RANCH I JUNE / JULY 2020